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Humanidades Médicas

On-line version ISSN 1727-8120


ESTRADA FONSECA, Rosío de la Caridad; MENDOZA MOLINA, Asiris; CASTILLO RIVERA, Juan A  and  MARTINEZ RODRIGUEZ, María de los Ángeles. Community intervention for the prevention of accidents in children. Rev Hum Med [online]. 2014, vol.14, n.2, pp.423-441. ISSN 1727-8120.

Introduction: accidents are one of the first causes of death worldwide, so their prevention is an urgency. Objective: assess the effect of a community intervention in the reduction of potential dangers of accidents in family with children aged from zero to 18 months. Methods: a multiage cuasi experimental study was carried out, with quantitative and qualitative approaches, from January 2009 to June 2012. The sample was taken from thirty-nine (39) families who had children in the period ranging from January 2008 to January 2010 belonging to the family doctor´s house of the community called "26 de Julio" from Santo Domingo municipality. An intervention was carried out by a community group work composed by members of centers of interests called ¨Prevention is health¨ and members of the Red Cross led by the family nurse. It was necessary to ask a guide to analyze the vulnerabilities and capabilities of the Red Cross, modified in the first stage. Results: During the post intervention, it was possible to change the vulnerabilities in terms of capacities, favorable changes were present in the knowledge and the number of potential risks significantly decreased in each house. Conclusions: when families are approached with simple and accessible instruments, and with a community group work it is possible to make favorable changes in terms of awareness of the problem in the same place where it emerged.

Keywords : primary health care; health promotion; accidents; Red Cross.

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