Revista Habanera de Ciencias Médicas
On-line version ISSN 1729-519X
DIAZ CASTRILLO, Amparo Olga et al. BROTE DE INFECCION RESPIRATORIA AGUDA EN UNA ESCUELA PRIMARIA DE CIUDAD DE LA HABANA. Rev haban cienc méd [online]. 2008, vol.7, n.3, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1729-519X.
Background: Influenza is an acute febrile illness that occurs in form of annual outbreaks of variable intensity. The virus infects the respiratory apparatus, it is highly transmissible and at the beginning it produces important systemic symptoms. Objective: To describe the IRA outbreak occurred at a primary school on Santiago de las Vegas area, Boyeros municipality, City of Havana. Method: A study of the outbreak ocurred on June 2005, interviewing students, professors and parents of the infected children, taking samples for a serological and virological study. An state sanitary inspection was made, and with this information some clinical-epidemiological variables were described. Results: A total of 78 children and 4 professors were infected, for an attack rate of 33,8 and 10,8% respectively. The most frequent symptoms were fever and cough. The laboratory results showed Influenza A (H3N2). Conclusions: Overpopulation was found as a risk factor.
Keywords : IRA outbreak; Influenza outbreak; acute respiratory infection and overpopulation.