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Revista Habanera de Ciencias Médicas

On-line version ISSN 1729-519X


AGRAMONTE MARTINEZ, Mayra. Prevalence of risk factors of atherosclerosis in type 2 diabetics patientsof policlínico Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy. Rev haban cienc méd [online]. 2009, vol.8, n.4. ISSN 1729-519X.

A transversal study was carried out in 219 patients with diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus with the purpose of identifying the frequency of hypertension, sedentary habits, hypercholesterolemia, smoking habit and obesity; to determine if there is an association between hypertension and great atherosclerosis crisis. For the comparative analysis the Chi square test was utilized. In all cases the significance levels were of the 0, 05. There was a frequency of 74% of hypertensive patients, sedentary habit in the 69, 8%, hypercholesterolemia in 29, 7% and obesity in 26, 9%. The most frequent combination of risk factors were hypertension -hypercholesterolemia (37, 7%) and hypertension _obesity (30, 2%); the association of arterial hypertension with Ischemic cardiopathy was relevant (p= 0,000), as it was for the cerebrovascular disease (p=0,005). It was concluded that a high prevalence of risk factors of atherosclerosis exists; arterial hypertension is the most frequent risk factor. The consequences of atherosclerosis were strongly associated with arterial hypertension.

Keywords : Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus; Risk factors; Great atherosclerosis crisis..

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