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Revista Habanera de Ciencias Médicas

On-line version ISSN 1729-519X

Abstract

RIVERA LEDESMA, Emilio et al. Abdominal circumference and risk of cardiovascular disease in Doctor's Office 22. “Aleida Fernández Chardiet” Polyclinic. 2016. Rev haban cienc méd [online]. 2018, vol.17, n.4, pp.591-602. ISSN 1729-519X.

Introduction:

Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that abdominal obesity is the most important risk factor and the one that best explains the occurrence of a first acute myocardial infarction in Latin American countries.

Objective:

To determine the risk of cardiovascular disease by measuring the abdominal circumference in Doctor's Office 22 of "Aleida Fernández Chardiet” Teaching Polyclinic, La Lisa municipality, Havana, Cuba, in 2016.

Material and Methods:

An observational descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in people older than 17 years old. The universe of study was composed of 538 persons. Distributions of frequencies, percentage calculations, and the Chi-square test were used.

Results:

With regard to the value of abdominal circumference, 42,9% of people presented a high risk of cardiovascular disease, which predominated in the male sex (48,0%). Only 16,5% of diabetic patients presented a low risk. The 50,6% of patients with arterial hypertension, and the 45,4% of smokers presented a high risk.

Conclusions:

Regarding the evaluation of the abdominal circumference, a high risk of cardiovascular disease was observed in the majority of population studied, especially in the male sex, diabetics, hypertensive patients, and smokers. A statistically significant relationship was observed in patients with risk of cardiovascular disease due to abdominal obesity and age, sex, Diabetes Mellitus, and arterial hypertension.

Keywords : Epidemiology; risk factors; abdominal circumference; cardiovascular disease; primary health care.

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