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PIZA BURGOS, Narcisa Dolores; AMAIQUEMA MARQUEZ, Francisco Alejandro  y  BELTRAN BAQUERIZO, Gina Esmeralda. Methods and techniques in qualitative research. Some necessary details. Conrado [online]. 2019, vol.15, n.70, pp.455-459.  Epub 02-Dic-2019. ISSN 2519-7320.

The qualitative research methodology has great relevance in scientific research although its methods and techniques are used more frequently in the sciences of social and human behavior. This paper presents the general conceptual bases of the qualitative approach and its methodology with the purpose of assessing methods and techniques of wide demand by researchers to gather information on this approach. However, not infrequently there are gaps in the correct use of these techniques that reflect on the need to increase the rigor in their use and deepen their knowledge, according to the problem to be solved and the objective defined. It specializes in three techniques: observation, interview and focus groups, with a synthesis of its advantages and limitations according to the criteria of different authors. Additionally, some considerations about the validation of qualitative data are presented.

Palabras clave : Qualitative; methods; techniques; observation; interview; focus groups.

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