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Cuban Journal of Agricultural Science

Print version ISSN 0864-0408On-line version ISSN 2079-3480

Abstract

RODRIGUEZ, Yusleiby; PONCE DE LEON, Raquel  and  RODRIGUEZ, Manuel. Genetic parameters of growth traits in Cuban Zebu through the multi-trait animal model and reaction norm model. Cuban J. Agric. Sci. [online]. 2015, vol.49, n.4, pp.465-469. ISSN 0864-0408.

A multi-trait animal model (15,904 data) and a reaction norm model (13,068 data) were studied, in order to estimate genetic parameters and environmental awareness of the weight at 18 months (P18) and (TDG) of Cuban Zebu during the performance test for future sires. The animals were born between 1981 and 2012 and were the offspring of 295 parents. Multi-trait animal model allowed to obtain the solutions of fixed effect of from the group of contemporaries, heritabilities and genetic tendencies of P18 and trial daily gain TDG. Later, a reaction norm model of sire type was considered, with the group of contemporaries (herd-year-three-month period of animal birth) as fix effect the effect of random regression of sire (cubic, square and linear Legendre polynomials) through an environmental gradient, expressed as solution of fix effect, so a total of 6 environmental classes were created. Estimated values of heritability, through the animal model, were 0.20 ± 0.02 and 0.28 ± 0.02 for TDG and P18, respectively, with a genetic correlation of 0.94 among them. Using the reaction norm model, the estimates varied from 0.13±0.04 to 0.43±0.08, and the highest corresponded to favorable environments or positive gradients. Correlation values, very close to 1, indicate the non-existence of genotype x environment interaction in most of the cases. However, there may be correlations lower than 0.8 in the most unfavorable environment, which indicates that sires selected in favorable environments may not have the same performance after passing to unfavorable environments

Keywords : Performance test; genetic correlation; environmental gradient.

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