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Cuban Journal of Agricultural Science

Print version ISSN 0864-0408On-line version ISSN 2079-3480


MARTINEZ, Y. et al. Phytobiotic effect of Psidium guajava leaf powder on productivity and quality of the egg of laying hens. Cuban J. Agric. Sci. [online]. 2020, vol.54, n.4, pp.557-568.  Epub Dec 01, 2020. ISSN 0864-0408.

In order to evaluate the phytobiotic effect of Psidium guajava (guava) leaf powder on the productivity and quality of the egg of laying hens, a phytochemical screening of the leaves under study was previously developed. A total of 160 White Leghorn L-33 hens, of 27 weeks old, were randomly distributed for 70 days in four treatments, with 10 repetitions each, and four hens per repetition. The treatments consisted on a control diet (T0) and the addition of 0.5 (T1), 1.0 (T2) and 1.5 % (T3) of Psidium guajava leaf powder. Saponins, reducing sugars, quinones, triterpenes, free amino acids, anthocyanidins, tannins and flavonoids (++) were detected in P. guajava leaves. The addition with 0.5 % of P. guajava leaf powder improved (P <0.05) the mass conversion (2.41 kg/kg), the production (83.46 %) and the egg weight (54.75 g) compared to the control, without notable changes (P> 0.05) for the food intake and the unfit eggs. In addition, this treatment (0.5 %) increased the shell thickness (0.26 mm) and the yolk color (7). However, the addition of 1.5 of P. guajava decreased (P <0.05) the height of the white (5.97 mm) with respect to T0. The shell surface and yolk height did not change as a result of the experimental treatments (P> 0.05). The addition of 0.5 % of P. guajava leaf powder to laying hen diets is recommended to improve productivity and some indicators of egg quality.

Keywords : additive; laying hen (ave de postura); guava; biological response.

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