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Revista Finlay

On-line version ISSN 2221-2434


FERNANDEZ MARTINEZ, Elizabeth et al. Obesity and Cardiometabolic Risk Stratification in Schoolchildren from Santa Clara. Rev. Finlay [online]. 2022, vol.12, n.2, pp.196-207.  Epub June 30, 2022. ISSN 2221-2434.


noncommunicable diseases have been among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the world and in Cuba for more than 20 years. These include: obesity, high blood pressure and diabetes mellitus. These pathologies appear from childhood and their prevention must begin from an early age.


to determine obesity, stratify cardiometabolic risk and promote healthy lifestyles in schoolchildren from Santa Clara.


an epidemiological, descriptive investigation with a cross-sectional design was carried out on 959 schoolchildren between 8 and 12 years of age in Santa Clara and between 2012 and 2020. Computer programs were developed, which allowed studying obesity and calculating body mass indexes, waist -hip and waist-height. Variables were included such as: age, sex, skin color, weight, height, waist circumference, hip circumference, blood pressure, personal and family pathological history, clinical laboratory tests, electrocardiograms and echocardiograms. Double-entry contingency tables were used to record the frequency of appearance of the values ​​of two variables simultaneously. Non-parametric tests were applied, such as Chi Square for factor independence and proportion difference hypothesis test for independent groups.


17.94 % of schoolchildren were overweight and 15.95 % obese. 4.48 % were moderately obese and 9.18 % were severely obese. The means of cholesterol, triglycerides and uric acid increased with the degree of obesity. Cardiometabolic risk estimates were developed in Android and WEB formats.


there are high percentages of obese and overweight. The waist-hip ratio was the best predictor of cardiometabolic risk in the study conducted in Santa Clara. Greater clinical and educational intervention is required, which guarantees the adoption of healthier lifestyles.

Keywords : obesity; overweight; cardiometabolic risk factors; child; cuba.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )