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Revista Finlay

On-line version ISSN 2221-2434

Abstract

JIMENEZ CHIQUET, Amarilys et al. Characterization of Mortality from Accidents in Cuba in the Decade 2010-2019. Rev. Finlay [online]. 2023, vol.13, n.2, pp.144-152.  Epub June 30, 2023. ISSN 2221-2434.

Background:

accidents constitute chains of events and circumstances that lead to the occurrence of unintentional injuries. They are responsible for numerous deaths every year in the world. In 2019, traffic accidents and falls were among the top 20 causes of death. In Cuba, they stood as the fifth cause of mortality from all causes and ages in the decade 2010-2019.

Objective:

to characterize mortality from accidents in Cuba in the 2010-2019 decade.

Methods:

an ecological, longitudinal, descriptive study of annual mortality due to accidents in Cuba was carried out, throughout the decade from 2010 to 2019. The statistical yearbooks, published from 2012 to 2022, by the Directorate of Medical Records and Health Statistics, from the Ministry of Public Health of Cuba, constituted the main source of information. For its statistical processing, the data obtained were included in a spreadsheet in Microsoft Excel and the results were expressed in figures and tables.

Results:

the gross mortality rates due to accidents in Cuba in the 2010-2019 decade increased from 43 to 49.9 per 100,000 inhabitants, the highest being due to falls: 23.7 in 2018 and 23.4 per 100 000 inhabitants in 2019. The years of potential life lost due to accidents decreased from 5.4 to 4.7 per 1,000 inhabitants between 1 and 74 years of age.

Conclusions:

in Cuba, in the 2010-2019 decade, an increase in mortality from accidents was observed at the expense of accidental falls, these more frequently in the female sex.

Keywords : accidents; potential years of life lost; cause of death; cuba.

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