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Revista Finlay

On-line version ISSN 2221-2434


OCHOA GONZALEZ, Yadelaicy et al. Characterization of Type 2 Diabetics with Vascular Complications in Relation to Adherence to Treatment. Rev. Finlay [online]. 2023, vol.13, n.2, pp.179-188.  Epub June 30, 2023. ISSN 2221-2434.


adherence to treatment is essential for the control of diabetes mellitus and to prevent its complications.


to characterize type 2 diabetic patients with micro- and macro-vascular complications in relation to adherence to treatment in a family doctor's office.


an descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out in office 2, Puerto Padre Health Area, September 2022. The study population consisted of 177 type 2 diabetics, and the sample, 64 patients with vascular complications. To obtain the information, an interview questionnaire was designed, in which the questions of the Morisky-Green Test were included. Absolute frequencies and percentages were used for the analysis.


the female sex predominated in 60.9 % and those over 50 years of age (76.6 %), the level of education of pre-university (or medium technical) in 45.3 %, 54.7 % work and 21.9 % are housewives. In psychosocial risk factors, stress prevailed (82.2 %). 18 patients (28.1 %) had been diagnosed for more than 15 years and 51.6 % for more than 12 years with treatment. 79.7 % did not adhere to the treatment of diabetes mellitus.


women over 50 years of age with psychosocial factors such as stress, anxiety and depression prevailed, mostly with more than 15 years of diagnosis and treatment. Non-adherent cases to treatment predominated.

Keywords : treatment adherence and compliance; diabetes mellitus type 2; medication adherence; chronic disease.

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