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Revista de Producción Animal

On-line version ISSN 2224-7920


BIDOT FERNANDEZ, Adela. Composition, Attributes and Benefits of Goat Milk: Literature Review. Rev. prod. anim. [online]. 2017, vol.29, n.2, pp.32-41. ISSN 2224-7920.

Goat milk is similar in composition to breast milk, is healthy and nutritious and is a valid alternative as a substitute for human because their nutritional values are largely approximate measure. Many people whom cow's milk provokes allergic reactions, can drink goat milk without problems because it contains a protein of a different type. Goat's milk is a product that gradually becomes more popular in world markets, beyond the borders of those countries where today is already one of the major components of the diet of millions of people; but to produce a good quality milk, should take into account some basic principles of efficient livestock farm, or animals of good quality, selecting dairy genotypes, having adequate food, good management and health. The first two directly influence the nutritional quality or composition of the milk; the other two in the hygienic quality. A review of the main aspects that influence their composition, their biological value as a substitute for breast milk, its main components and the qualities and benefits to human health is provided.

Keywords : goat milk; milk composition; quality of milk.

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