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MediSur

On-line version ISSN 1727-897X

Abstract

BOUZA JIMENEZ, Yanelka; JAM MORALES, Blas  and  TARTABULL VEITIA, Yesenia. Pulmonary Actinomycosis. A Case Report. Medisur [online]. 2015, vol.13, n.6, pp.795-800. ISSN 1727-897X.

Pulmonary actinomycosis is a rare bacterial disease. We present the case of a 17-year-old African patient with a history of diabetes mellitus and protein-energy malnutrition, treated by Cuban doctors collaborating in that continent. The patient presented with a submandibular abscess on the left side of the face after dental manipulation, which had extended into the upper anterior chest with a fistulous pathway, and enlarged lymph nodes in the neck. The lesion was analyzed and treated with antibiotics, but the patient did not recover and new symptoms appeared, which together with the imaging tests, suggested a pneumonic process or neoplasia. A fine-needle aspiration led to the diagnosis of pulmonary actinomycosis. Antibiotic treatment of choice was applied resulting in clinical and radiological improvement. We decided to present this case given the varied clinical presentation of this entity, which can simulate a banal infection or a neoplasm, and its rare location.

Keywords : actinomycosis; pneumonia, bacterial; case reports.

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